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friction of distance

  The frictional or inhibiting effect of distance on the volume of human interactions of all forms (including migration, tourist flows, and the movement of goods and information). It is usually seen as a combined effect of the time and cost of overcoming distance and thus linked to transferability. The friction of distance is geographically variable (being lowest in regions with well-developed transport and communication systems) and is generally believed to have declined as a result of long-term improvements in transport and communication technology (see time-space compression; time-space convergence). Empirically its effects are seen in the statistical regularity referred to as distance decay. (AMH)  



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