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  A small piece of territory lying within a state but which does not fall within its jurisdiction. A number are in Europe and are evidence of the continent\'s confused political history. The microstates of San Marino and the Vatican City in Italy are classical examples. Elsewhere the city territories of Ceuta and Melilla on the northern coast of Africa are Spanish enclaves in Morocco. It is not uncommon for areas in which a minority of one state is actually isolated within the territory of a neighbouring state to be referred to as enclaves. A good example is the region known as Ngorno Kharabach on the isthmus between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea. It is part of the state of Azerbaijan but the population is overwhelmingly Armenian and would prefer to be part of the neighbouring state of Armenia, even though physically separated from it (see also exclave). (MB)  



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