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pre-industrial city

  All cities prior to the industrial revolution, plus those in non-industrialized regions today. The term reflects the theory, initially advocated by Gideon Sjoberg (1960; Sjoberg model), that all pre-industrial cities, regardless of their time, place, or cultural backdrop, share similar reasons for existence, social hierarchies, and internal spatial structures. The term is now rarely used, as few researchers believe that the variety of urban forms created by pre-industrial and non-industrialized societies have enough in common to be considered as variations of a single category. (DH)

Reference Sjoberg, G. 1960: The pre-industrial city, past and present. New York: The Free Press.



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