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material orientation

  The tendency of an economic activity to locate close to sources of materials. This is likely to be the case where the cost of the material(s) in question forms a large share of total cost and/or where material costs are subject to substantial spatial variations. Historically, the importance of material orientation in industrial location has declined, with a reduction in the use of bulky materials and in transfer costs. Industries that remain predominantly material-oriented are largely confined to primary metal manufacturing and the processing of agricultural products. (Cf. market orientation.) (DMS)  



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material culture
mean information field (m.i.f)


Other Terms : neo-liberalism | capitalism | scale
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