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  A model of capitalist state apparatus operation in which major interest groups — notably those representing capital and labour — share power with the elected representative government. Politicians compete for power through the electoral process, as in pluralism, but then, under corporatism, they share that power with unelected representatives of functional interest groups. Corporatism is especially strong in some western European countries (notably Austria and Germany), where employers\' groups and trades unions are routinely consulted on major issues of economic policy: it is much weaker in the United Kingdom and the United States. (RJJ)

Suggested Reading Cawson, A. 1986: Corporatism and political theory. Oxford: Blackwell. Johnston, R.J. 1992: The internal operations of the state. In P.J. Taylor, ed., The political geography of the twentieth century. London: Belhaven Press.



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